Talking to the media, commerce secretary Anup Wadhawan stated that glorious development of Agri exports in FY21 has come after it remained stagnant for the previous three years (USD 38.43 billion in 2017-18, USD 38.74 billion in 2018-19 and USD 35.16 billion 2019-20).
In rupee phrases, the rise is 22.62 per cent with exports throughout 2020-21 amounting to Rs 3.05 lakh crore as in comparison with Rs 2.49 lakh crore throughout 2019-20.
India’s agricultural and allied imports throughout 2019-20 have been USD 20.64 billion, and the corresponding figures for 2020-21 are USD 20.67 billion. Regardless of COVID-19, the stability of commerce in agriculture has improved by 42.16% from USD 14.51 billion to USD 20.58 billion.
For agriculture merchandise (excluding marine and plantation merchandise), the expansion is 28.36% with exports of USD 29.81 billion in 2020-21 as in comparison with USD 23.23 billion in 2019-20. India has been capable of make the most of the elevated demand for staples in the course of the COVID-19 interval.
Big development has been seen in export of cereals with export of non-basmati rice rising by 136.04% to USD 4794.54 million; wheat by 774.17% to USD 549.16 million; and different cereals (millets, maize and different coarse positive factors) by 238.28% to USD 694.14 million.
Different agricultural merchandise, which registered a major enhance in exports as in comparison with 2019-20, have been oil meals (USD 1575.34 million -growth of 90.28%), sugar (USD 2789.97 million – development 41.88%), uncooked cotton (USD 1897.20 million – development 79.43%), recent greens (USD 721.47 million – development 10.71%) and vegetable oils (USD 602.77 million- development 254.39%) and so on.
The biggest markets for India’s agriculture merchandise are the USA, China, Bangladesh, UAE, Vietnam, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Nepal, Iran and Malaysia. Exports to most of those locations have registered development, with the best development being recorded for Indonesia (102.42%), Bangladesh (95.93%) and Nepal (50.49%).
Export of spices like ginger, pepper, cinnamon, cardamom, turmeric, saffron and so on., which have recognized therapeutic qualities, has additionally grown considerably. Throughout 2020-21, export of pepper elevated by 28.72% to USD 1269.38 million; cinnamon by 64.47% to USD 11.25 million; nutmeg, mace and cardamom by 132.03% (USD 189.34 million vs USD 81.60 million); and ginger, saffron, turmeric, thyme, bay leaves and so on. by 35.44% to USD 570.63 million. Export of spices touched the best ever degree of round USD four billion throughout 2020-21.
The natural exports throughout 2020-21 have been USD 1040 million as in opposition to USD 689 million in 2019-20, registering a development of 50.94%. Natural exports embrace oil cake/meals, oil seeds, cereals and millets, spices and condiments, tea, medicinal plant merchandise, dry fruits, sugar, pulses, espresso and so on.
Exports have additionally taken place from a number of clusters for the primary time. As an example, export of recent greens and mangoes from Varanasi and black rice from Chandauli has taken place for the primary time, immediately benefitting farmers of the realm. Exports have additionally taken place from different clusters viz. oranges from Nagpur, bananas from Theni and Ananthpur, mangoes from Lucknow and so on. Regardless of the pandemic, export of recent horticulture produce occurred by multimodal mode and consignments have been shipped by air and sea to Dubai, London and different locations from these areas. Handholding by the Division for market linkages, post-harvest worth chain growth and the institutional construction similar to FPOs, enabled North East farmers to ship their value-added merchandise past the Indian borders.
Cereal exports have accomplished properly throughout 2020-21. The nation has been capable of export to a number of nations for the primary time. For instance rice has been exported to nations like Timor-Leste, Puerto Rico, Brazil, for the primary time. Equally wheat has been exported to nations like Yemen, Indonesia, Bhutan and different cereals have been exported to Sudan, Poland Bolivia.