Well being officers stated it was not instantly recognized whether or not the case was linked to an outbreak earlier this 12 months in neighboring Guinea, which had been declared over in mid-June.
The affected person now present process remedy in Abidjan had arrived Thursday by bus from Guinea, elevating fears that others might have turn out to be contaminated throughout the journey.
Ebola is transmitted by coming into contact with the bodily fluids of an contaminated particular person or contaminated supplies. Nonetheless, the early signs of fever and muscle aches resembles different widespread ailments within the area like malaria.
“Additional investigation and genomic sequencing will determine the pressure and decide if there’s a connection between the 2 outbreaks,” WHO stated in an announcement Saturday.
The brand new case additionally marks the primary time because the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic that an outbreak has erupted in a metropolis as massive as Abidjan.
“It’s of immense concern that this outbreak has been declared in Abidjan, a
of greater than four million individuals,” stated Dr. Matshidiso Moeti, WHO’s regional director for Africa. “Nonetheless, a lot of the world’s experience in tackling Ebola is right here on the continent and Cote d’Ivoire can faucet into this expertise and convey the response to full velocity.”
The 2014-2016 epidemic, which started in rural Guinea, ultimately unfold to the capitals of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. Greater than 11,325 individuals died in what grew to become the biggest Ebola outbreak in historical past.
Within the years since, two vaccines and new therapies have been developed to deal with the hemorrhagic fever that when killed greater than half its victims. These instruments have been used to assist finish outbreaks in Congo and one other detected in Guinea earlier this 12 months.
Nonetheless, researchers have stated there’s proof the Ebola virus can lurk within the physique lengthy after signs finish. Researchers have stated the 2021 outbreak that killed a dozen individuals might have been sparked by a survivor of the 2014-2016 epidemic.
Scientists have beforehand documented Ebola survivors who inadvertently contaminated others lengthy after they’d recovered, however such uncommon instances haven’t prompted outbreaks. In 2018, docs printed a examine a few Liberian girl who most likely caught Ebola in 2014 however then contaminated three kin a few 12 months later.
Well being officers have additionally warned that males can generally infect others by way of intercourse lengthy after they appear to have recovered – the virus can persist in semen for greater than a 12 months.
It was not instantly clear whether or not anybody else had fallen unwell with Ebola in Guinea, the place the affected person in Ivory Coast had traveled from.
Guinea can be attempting to comprise a uncommon outbreak of Marburg virus, one other hemorrhagic fever illness that belongs to the identical household as Ebola.