Reasons External sound cards are not important

Long ago, if you wanted good quality audio, you had to buy an external sound card to get much better audio than the built-in one. Now the sound card is integrated into the motherboard.

So once you’ve bought a new motherboard, you no longer have to spend to buy an external sound card.

What means that external sound cards are currently only rarely used? To find out, the first thing you need to know is why an external sound card was created.

(Techquickie)

In the 1980s, when IBM computers were still dominating the computer market, the only sound computers came from the buzzer speaker. This buzzer speaker only produces a beep or boop sound.

The programmer then devised various techniques so that the buzzer speaker could produce more sound than just beeps or boops, such as that used by paratroopers. While it can make other sounds, the audio quality isn’t very good either. This is compounded by the weak CPU capability. When the computer produces a sound, all activities performed by the CPU must be stopped.

For this reason, an external sound card was created to support audio processing. When the computer needed to output audio, the main CPU did not need to be accessed frequently. Over time, due to their role as hardware accelerators, external sound cards can produce good audio quality and offer various functions. This means that all audio processing is done by the sound card so the CPU can do other activities.

(Techquickie)

Integrated audio for motherboards became popular in the 1990s thanks to the Intel AC97 Audio Codec. However, in its day, the external sound card was still better than the built-in audio on the motherboard as the audio quality was much better.

This is more or less the same as Discrete Graphics versus On-Board Graphics. External sound cards produce better audio quality, but this does not mean that external sound cards are not faulty because external sound cards are made by different manufacturers. Hence, you need to look for suitable drivers in order for the external sound card to work properly. normal.

This driver is also sometimes unstable when used due to poor writing in the driver coding language.

(Techquickie) (Techquickie)

When Windows Vista was popular, Microsoft set the standard for how audio should be handled by the operating system. It also has a function for adjusting the volume per application. This requires the system to process the audio in the software instead of using an external sound card. This means that all audio processing will be revised by the CPU.

As a result of this change, many applications and games began to experience bugs and performance issues at the beginning of standardization. The reason for this is that these applications and games are based on the hardware acceleration card.

(Source: Techquickie)

At the moment we don’t have to worry about the above things anymore as the CPU we are using now is very well able to handle audio processing without causing major performance issues. Applications based on the Hardware Acceleration Card now also support software standards such as Microsoft Universal Audio Architecture.

Now what you need to get good audio quality is a modern CPU and an audio chip that supports the universal audio architecture, such as the Realtek audio chip that is embedded in all motherboards. This chip has a very simple way of working because the audio processing that was supposed to be done by an external sound card is now done by the main CPU, so this Realtek chip only works with the digital-to-analog converter.

(Source: Techquickie)

As technology advances, Realtek chips are also increasingly being developed to achieve better audio quality, and motherboard manufacturers are also developing audio circuit designs to prevent electrical interference from other systems.

So at the moment we don’t need an external sound card as the sound quality of the on-board audio is pretty good. In the case of an external sound card, although this device produces slightly better audio quality, it is usually only recommended for audiophiles who use certain applications or who require a specific audio connection.

Source: Techquickie
Editor: Salman

Difference Between Expensive and Cheap Motherboards

In the past, finding a motherboard has been a headache because choosing the wrong motherboard will affect PC performance. However, today many recommend buying a motherboard at the lowest price that supports the CPU you are using and the I / O ports you want.

Before choosing a motherboard, you should know the advantages of expensive motherboards with cheap motherboards in advance.

(Techquickie)

Expensive motherboards use thick circuit boards. Thick PCBs have advantages such as:

More durable
It does not bend easily during installation on the case or when upgrading, which can sometimes damage sensitive components on the circuit board.

There are also benefits that are less noticeable to the eye of the user, such as using a thick printed circuit board that leaves more room for the implantation of electrical paths that connect various components. This means that not only will a thicker circuit board transmit more power, it will also have a multilayer circuit board that allows manufacturers to implement technologies that require complex circuit board paths.

With the new standard in the world of technology supporting high speed, the circuit board lines need to be made narrower. For example, in 2019, AMD announced that the PCIe 4.0 standard would not support older chipsets.

This is because older motherboards are not designed for the data rate of PCIe 4.0. Some expensive boards are designed for high speeds, but inexpensive boards are barely good enough to carry PCIe 3.0 signals.

The thick circuit board also gives motherboard designers more space to separate different circuits and reduces interference more effectively. This can be seen on the motherboard, which has built-in audio that creates more clearance between the audio components and other motherboard components to produce clear sound.

(Source: Techquickie)

Expensive motherboards also require stricter quality control and are designed to last. In addition, electronic components such as chokes and capacitors are made of high quality materials, and the motherboard also provides better cooling for hot components such as VRM.

Chokes used on expensive motherboards are also more numerous and dispersed in the CPU area, which is useful for giving the CPU more stable performance than cheap motherboards. Motherboards like this are typically used by professional overclockers in the past.

(Source: Techquickie)

High priced motherboards are not just seen from the hardware side. Expensive motherboards usually offer more features like:

Backup BIOS
Flash firmware with no CPU installed
More user configuration
Stronger audio amplifier,
More ports & headers and much more.

So is there an expensive display motherboard to buy? The answer depends on your needs.

If you are using a PC without an overlock, a cheap motherboard can perform as well as an expensive motherboard. Better yet, before buying a cheap motherboard, do some product reviews first and make sure that the motherboard you are buying is reliable. However, if you really need the motherboard for a long period of time, good overclocking capabilities, and a wide variety of features, there is nothing wrong with buying a motherboard at a high price.

Source: Techquickie
Editor: Salman

Price for iPhone 12 and 12 Mini, 10 million

Apple presented its latest smartphone line, the iPhone 12, at an event with the theme “Hi, Speed”. The event took place on Wednesday (October 14th, 2020). Through this event, Apple also revealed information about the price that buyers had to pay.

The iPhone 12 Mini costs a starting price of $ 699 (or what converts to 10.3 million rupees) while the iPhone 12 is a bit expensive, which is $ 799 (or what converts to 11.8 million rupees becomes).

Note, however, that the prices above are bundle prices for the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Mini with carriers in the US, AT&T, and Verizon. The bundle has a value of 30 US dollars (or will be converted to Rp.400,000 ++). However, citizens of the United States can also purchase the unbundled version or SIM-Unlocked version by paying in full, which means they have to pay the $ 30.

(GSMArena)

So that the total customer cost was $ 729 (or the equivalent of Rs 10.7 million) for the iPhone 12 Mini and $ 829 (or Rs 12.2 million) for the iPhone 12.

The above price also applies to US citizens who shop through T-Mobile or Sprint providers, as Apple does not work with the two providers.

However, the good news here is that bundling doesn’t apply to the iPhone 12 Pro and iPhone 12 Pro Max. Worldwide prices for the two smartphones remain the same, namely $ 999 (or 14.7 million rupees) for the iPhone 12 Pro and $ 1,099 (or 16.2 million rupees) for the iPhone 12 Pro Max.

Users can also order both smartphones since October 16. For the iPhone 12 Mini and iPhone 12 Pro Max, users will have to wait until November 6th.

Asus opens VivoBook Flip 14 with Intel DG1 “Iris Xe Max”

Asus has just inaugurated the VivoBook Flip 14. This laptop is the first to use Intel’s discrete GPU, the DG1, along with the Tiger Lake family CPU. Intel DG1 itself is the first discrete GPU from Intel for the laptop / notebook segment.

In terms of technical data, the ASUS VivoBook Flip 14 “TP470EZ” has the Intel 10 nm Tiger Lake CPU, which is part of the 11th generation. The laptop has two CPU options, Core i7-1165G7 and Core i5-1135G7. Both CPUs have a 4-core and 8-thread configuration and are equipped with a 12 MB / 8 MB cache. The clock rate for the Core i7 reaches up to 4.70 GHz, while the Core i5 chip works with up to 4.20 GHz.

The laptop can be configured with up to 16 GB LPDDR4X RAM (at a speed of 4266 MHz). In the basic configuration, however, 8 GB LPDDR4X-RAM are used. The storage includes the basic 128GB PCIe SSD configuration and capacities up to 1TB. There is also an integrated Intel Optane (H10) memory with a capacity of 32 GB.

The most important aspect of the laptop is that its GPU specs include “First Intel Discrete Graphics”. This refers to DG1, which denotes Intel’s discrete GPU for the laptop / notebook segment. There are no clear specifications for the DG1, but the DG1 is expected to sport the same 96 EU or 768 cores as the standard Iris Xe GPU, but with a higher clock speed and dedicated memory. The GPU DG1 is configured with 4 GB VRAM and is most likely based on GDDR6.

In addition, this laptop has a 14-inch display with LED backlighting and Full HD resolution. The screen has a screen-to-body ratio of 82%. The I / O port has Thunderbolt 4 USB Type C, 1 USB 3.2 Gen 2 Type A port, 1 USB 2.0 port, 1 HDMI output, 1 MicroSD card reader, 1 security key and a DC-In power plug. There are WiFi 6 (Gig + 802.11ax) and WiFi 5 functions along with Bluetooth 5.0. This laptop has a fast charge function and takes 49 minutes to charge up to 60%. It comes with a 42W battery and a 65W power adapter. The dimensions of this notebook are 1.87 cm (height), 32.40 cm (width) and weighs 1.5 kg.

Unfortunately, there is no information about when this laptop will be available or information about the retail price.

source

Why Microsoft Windows 10 Free

Before Windows 10 was officially released by Microsoft, you had to install the operating system before the PC could be used. For reasons of cost, it was also not cheap to buy an operating system like Windows. Even if you can successfully install it without paying a dime, the Windows you installed could only take 30 days.

(Techquickie)

Now Microsoft has allowed its users to use Windows 10 for free, either from a previous Windows upgrade or you can download Windows 10 directly from Microsoft’s official website.

The only downside to this free version is a watermark that asks users to activate Windows and cannot change the theme / wallpaper on Windows. Aside from these shortcomings, you get the same functionality as with activated Windows.

Why did Microsoft let the hugely popular Windows 10 be free?

(Source: Techquickie)

In the 2000s, many users didn’t want to pay a fortune to replace / upgrade their version of Windows. Because of this, Microsoft has decided to let many of its users move to Windows 10 for free instead of making their users pay but having to do maintenance on Windows that are already lagging behind.

In addition, Microsoft announced that there are no new Windows version other than monthly updates for Windows 10.

(Source: Techquickie)

Windows Income

How does Microsoft earn income when Windows 10 is free?

There are more computer users out there than ever before, and Microsoft strongly recommends that users purchase software from their app store. Microsoft is also working to integrate its users into the Microsoft ecosystem.

For example, if you’re using Windows 10 and want to use cloud storage, Microsoft has provided OneDrive as a solution. If you do not have enough storage space to store the data, Microsoft offers a storage space upgrade for an additional fee, depending on the storage capacity.

(Techquickie)

Another way for Microsoft to get revenue from embedding ads in Windows 10, especially from other products like Office 365 subscriptions. Microsoft also makes revenue by selling Windows 10 licenses to EOM, which sells desktop or laptop PC products, large companies with lots of computers, and home users who are resentful about the Windows activation watermark. Although Microsoft pays for other services, we can at least use Windows 10 for free.

Source: Techquickie
Editor: Salman

How you know your laptop is hot

It is well known that the heat of a laptop, a laptop that is too hot, can lead to discomfort during use, overheating or damage to components. But do you know how to tell if a laptop in use is too hot or not?

Method 1 (use monitoring software, HWMonitor)

Refer to the CPU Core section for information on how to check the CPU temperature. Intel & AMD have the highest temperature limits which you can check on their respective websites.

As an an example,
The Intel Core i7-10750H has the highest temperature of up to 100 degrees Celsius.
The Ryzen 7 4800H has the highest temperature up to 105 degrees Celsius.

If your CPU temperature has reached 90 degrees Celsius and above during operation, it is a good idea to use your laptop’s overboost function to cool your CPU. This also applies to laptop GPUs.

(FileHippo.com)

Method 2 (checking your laptop’s battery temperature)

Your laptop’s temperature tolerance is much lower than that of the CPU and GPU. For lithium-ion batteries, which are mainly used for electronic devices, the normal temperature should be below 45 degrees Celsius.

If your laptop’s battery is operated above this temperature frequently, the battery life will be shorter and the battery will swell, which can damage other components. For example, your laptop’s touchpad will lift because the battery swells.

Also, excessive heat can cause soldered components on your laptop motherboard to crack or warp. It is good if you use your laptop in a flat place. If it still feels hot, clean your laptop and use an air compressor to clean up the dust.

Also note the fan settings used if your laptop supports manual fan speed setting. If your laptop has many inlets, use a cooling pad to keep your laptop cool.

Source: Techquickie
Editor: Salman

GeForce RTX 3080 will expire in 2021

Jensen Huang, CEO of NVIDIA, GTC (NVIDIA’s GPU Technology Conference), CEO of NVIDIA, said in his press release that they had predicted that the inventory of RTX 3080 and RTX 3090 graphics cards would persist through the end of 2020.

“I am confident that demand will exceed all of our stocks later this year,” said Huang

“We experience situations that are not borne. One of them is the holiday season. Our situation was good at first, but suddenly we got the ampere factor. Not only that, we were also hit by the” ampere holiday factor “. Hence the Q4 -Season quite difficult for us, “added Huang

Huang also spoke a lot in the session to answer questions about the lack of GeForce RTX 3080 and GeForce RTX 3090. In their press, he said that there was not a shortage of stock, but a great demand.

“The RTX 3080 and RTX 3090 have a demand issue, not a stock issue. The demand issue is very, very high than we expected, and our hopes are just high, not very, very high. “said Huang.

“Even if we had found out about all of the requests, I don’t think we could meet them all quickly. We try to meet all of these requests. Production was good, product delivery was fantastic, the RTX 3080 and RTX 3090 sold out immediately, “added Huang.

(NVIDIA)

NVIDIA also recently delayed the launch of the RTX 3070 to add stocks. Given that its performance could outperform the RTX 2080Ti at a lower price of $ 499 (or Rp 7.3 million in sales), we can assume that demand will be much higher than that of the RTX. 3080 and RTX 3090.

Huang’s thoughts on an inventory shortage are similar to what some media outlets in China have reported predicting the end of the RTX 3080 and RTX 3090 by 2021. There have also been reports that third party graphics card manufacturers are making bundles that require buyers to purchase either the RTX 3080 or the RTX 3090. with certain motherboards to increase sales.

Source: Tomshardware.com
Editor: Salman

Reasons why the motherboard socket changed

Have you ever resented buying a new CPU because you found that the CPU couldn’t be installed on your old motherboard with a different socket?

Hmm .. why is that so?

The first thing you need to know is that each pin on the CPU has a different function. There are pins that are used to transfer power to the CPU, some are used to transfer data, and each data pin is connected to a different motherboard BUS like PCIe, USB and another BUS. In the meantime, other pins are used as backup pins if one day the manufacturing CPU wants to perform other functions.

For example, AMD is using its replacement pins to add PCIe 4.0 support to the Zen 2 architecture. Faster bus paths for your system, e.g. For example, the new version of USB, which requires more pins for power and data transfer from the socket you’re using, requiring design changes to the socket. CENTRAL PROCESSOR. Then when you use an old socket for a new CPU with new features, power consumption can be a serious problem.

This is why Intel increased the number of pins on Intel 10th generation CPUs from 1151 to 1200 because these processors require more power. Adding more pins can solve the power supply problem, but it also requires the user to get a new motherboard. While many users feel at a disadvantage, manufacturers are also concerned when there are users installing new CPUs that use more power on the old motherboard.

This can cause serious problems for users as the power supply on older motherboards is not designed for processors with high TDP (Thermal Design Power). Therefore, when replacing a new socket, the motherboard manufacturer must change the design of their VRM (Voltage Regulator Module), which supports high levels of power consumption, rather than taking risks when users are faced with blue screen restrictions.

(Source: Techquickie)

This also applies to high-speed technologies such as RAM, USB, PCIe. The faster the technology, the greater the signal integrity. This means that the motherboard needs to be made more beautiful, e.g. B. by making the circuit board thicker with more layers to ensure that the bus speed is within specifications and to avoid interference. Some brands need to replace their motherboard socket according to the new CPU specification to make sure the CPU is compatible with the motherboard. This may not sound like intuitive, but in fact there is a convenience aspect to switching outlets. Chip manufacturers want to create upgrade levels for their users wherever possible.

(Source: Techquickie)

For example, a new CPU can be used on an old socket. Sometimes a BIOS update is required on the motherboard and the old processor to run. However, there are still many obstacles for users and chipmakers to know. You can choose to replace a new socket to reduce user confusion and frustration, especially with many mainstream users who don’t understand how to update the BIOS to use their new CPU.

AMD also had a similar problem with the ZEN 3 chipset controversy, as it initially promised that all Zen architecture CPUs could be used with all AM4 socket motherboards. However, the problem is that the Zen 1 architecture publishes a BIOS ROM chipset that is 16MB in size. This chip size is not enough to accommodate the new firmware needed because a chip with a large size has a higher price.

AMD did not want to remove BIOS support from the old chip, so they switched to a new chipset with a size of 32 MB. This happens because AMD listens to feedback from users who are experiencing BIOS update issues that result in their old CPUs being unusable on their motherboards because the chip size is too small to accommodate the entire AM4 Include CPU firmware. Therefore, obliging users to replace a new motherboard with a suitable socket is quite problematic as most consumers feel at a disadvantage.

Source: Techquickie
Editor: Salman

POCO X3 NFC specifications and prices

After POCOPHONE, a Xiaomi brand, had previously launched two of its cheap flagship series via the POCOPHONE F1 and POCO F2 Pro series, it has launched its latest smartphone for the Indonesian market via the POCO X3 NFC series . This time the POCO X3 NFC is aimed at the mid-range segment and is ready to compete with competitors in its class.

This series is also aimed at gamers who need a device that is cheaper than a gaming smartphone, but offers high performance for these requirements. This is underlined by the use of Snapdragon 732G, currently the most advanced 4G processor in the Snapdragon 700 series.

For stable and maximum performance, this smartphone is equipped with a new cooling technology, LiquidCool Technology 1.0 Plus, which can reduce the heat of the processor by up to 6 degrees. When playing games, the Game Turbo 3.0 feature optimizes the performance of smartphones to achieve the full performance of flagship hardware.

In the display area, the POCO X3 NFC offers a combination of a refresh rate of 120 Hz and a touch sampling rate of 240 Hz from the 6.67-inch FHD + DotDisplay screen, which ensures low visual latency and extremely smooth gameplay. POCO X3 NFC guarantees an even faster response rate of up to 33% compared to flagship smartphones on the market to give users an edge in gaming sessions.

The fast performance of the POCO X3 NFC is supported by a 5160 mAh battery and a 33 W fast charge that can take up to two days if used fairly. It only takes 65 minutes to fill up to 100%, while it can fill up to 62% in 30 minutes.

The POCO X3 NFC’s flagship quad camera system also allows users to take amazing photos. This configuration consists of a 64MP main camera with a Sony IMX 682 sensor with an aperture of f / 1.89, followed by a 13MP ultra wide angle, 2MP macro and 2MP depth sensor.

This camera system is supported by multiple features including Pro mode, smooth video zoom, focus peaking, six flavors of kaleidoscopic video and a range of photo filters including AI Skyscaping 3.0. In addition, it offers 4K video recording, support for LOG / RAW formats, Vlog mode and much more.

With MIUI 12 for POCO, based on Android 10, POCO X3 NFC offers an incomparable experience with functions that pamper the senses. Some of them contain the Z-axis linear motor to capture haptic feedback with 150 different types of vibration, including two flagship class speakers that ensure a clear audio experience. The fingerprint sensor on the side of the phone is easily accessible without looking at the screen.

The POCO X3 NFC with 6 GB RAM and 64 GB ROM is available in two color variants, namely Shadow Gray and Cobalt Blue. The official price is Rp. 3,199,000. While the 8 GB RAM and 128 GB ROM versions sell for IDR 3,599,000.

Logitech MK295 Silent Wireless Combo

Logitech has launched a new keyboard and mouse combo kit with the MK295 Silent Wireless Combo series. This is an update from the previous series, the Logitech MK270r, which this time was added with SilentTouch technology.

With this technology, the MK295 Silent Wireless Combo makes typing and clicking up to 90% quieter. This will of course please those of you who often work at night or when you want silence without disturbing the environment around you. The MK295 Silent is available in graphite color and combines 103 silent keys on the keyboard with a quiet mouse button and a scroll key for greater productivity and focus.

A keyboard and mouse, which are also equipped with a USB nano receiver, are already available as a combination package. This device uses a 2.4GHz wireless connection and can operate up to 10 meters away. The keyboard comes full-size, has a sturdy design, and prevents liquid spills.

Also comes with a button switch that is durable, highly tiltable and adjustable in height for convenient use. The battery on this keyboard has a lifespan of up to 36 months, so you don’t have to bother changing the battery and you can continue to work wirelessly without any problems.

The mouse now has a compact design with a weight of 75.2 grams, which is pleasant to grip with its contoured shape. The buttons are designed for precise, quiet clicks and controls. The battery life of this mouse can be up to 18 months. It is also equipped with an on / off button with which you can switch off the mouse when not in use.

Logitech MK295 Silent Wireless Combo will be available in Indonesia from October 2020 with a retail price of Rp 569,000 and a warranty period of 1 year.